Introduction

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Tisquantum, also known as Squanto, was well known for being useful to the Pilgrims and was involved in the signing of the Peace Treaty. The treaty was a success, no one broke the treaty as long as any of the signers who were involved lived. The Pilgrims established their colony with the help of Squanto. He was also useful to the Pilgrims by teaching them how to grow corn faster by using fish. Squanto learned how to speak English from explorers and acted as an interpreter. Squanto was able to gain the trust of many pilgrims that even when Massasoit told the pilgrims to turn him over because he was abusing his power, many of the pilgrims refused to follow his command.





Personal Background

Tisquantum, also known as Squanto, was born on the 1st of January, 1580 in Circa near Plymouth. He was captured and was sold as a slave in Spa28691_Squanto.jpgin (Hoxie, 1996). He was bought by a Spanish monk. He wasn't mistreated, and he was taught the faith in Christianity. Eventually, he was freed and made it to England. When he got to England his English had improved and he began working in the stables of John Slaney. Squanto told Slaney he wished he could return home, and Slaney promised to get him to his homeland. When he returned to his homeland, he had discovered that many were killed by a plague.
The year of 1620 was when the Pilgrims began to settle down in Plymouth. Samoset, Squantos friend, introduced him to the Pilgrims. It was then when Squanto became a big help to the Pilgrims. The Pilgrims claimed him as "the friendly Indian". He taught them new techniques on how to grow their corn faster (Johnson, 2008)
Squanto acted as an interpreter and learned English. He was able to speak English well because it was the only language he was able to hear while he was captured for nine years.
Squanto was capable of earning the trust of the Pilgrims. William Bradford said Squanto was a special instrument sent from God to help them survive. He was so honored it was believed that without his help none of them would have survived (Lossing, 1990). In the year of 1622, was his return Plymouth from the meeting with the Wampanoag. A few days later his return he got very ill from a high fever, and a few days later he died. Some people claim that the Wampanoag poisoned Squanto because they thought he wasn't being "loyal". To this day, his grave is located in Plymouth's Burial Hill cemetery.



Personality Traits

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Even after not being able to have a normal childhood, Squanto was a very brave man when he was captured. It took a lot of courage when he had to learn to adapt to a lot of new circumstances while trying to help the Pilgrims. According to the Pilgrims he was kind, useful, helpful, and very courageous (Hoxie, 1996) . Throughout the whole time he was helping the pilgrims, he never thought about giving up on them. Squanto was a great guide, he taught the pilgrims to utilize natural sources to learn too survive. Squanto had to be very patient with the Pilgrims when he was teaching them how to speak English (Rasmussen, 2011). He tended to be very respectful, he never neglected the pilgrims. It is believed that Squanto was trust worthy and always kept his word. Thomas Dermer sent a letter to Sir Ferdinado Gorges telling him how much Squanto was appreciated and honored. After a while of Squanto having power, the Massasoit ordered the pilgrims to avoid Squanto because they thought he was abusing his power way too much. However, the pilgrims disobeyed the Massasoit because of how much he gained their trust (Johnson, 2008). The English also protected Squanto from the Massasoit wrath. Without the pilgrims or of the English, Squanto would have been given a punishment. To this day he is still seen as a very independent and brave, and he is still honored by many on the day of Thanksgiving.




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Throughout Squantos life he had very few obstacles. For example, when he was captured he was taken away from his family and his whole childhood was ruined because he had to be a slave. He was taken somewhere where he didn't know anyone or even speak the same language as them (Hoxie, 1996). As soon as he stopped being a slave he once again had to settle down and start a new place. It wasn't easy for him to communicate with the pilgrims because he was only able to learn English. Squanto then had to teach the Pilgrims how to speak English to help them and himself so he would be able to communicate with them. Winter in New England began and many of the Pilgrims soon developed Pneumonia. The Pilgrims were afraid to let the Indians know about the tragedy so they decided to bury the dead body's during the night and then they leveled the ground to not make it noticeable ("Plymouth (2)", 2009). When the Indians separated, the Pilgrims reelected a Governor for the colony, and the Mayflower were sent home (Lossing, 1990). His usefulness had to be limited because he had no power among the Wampanoags. However, Squanto kept helping the Pilgrims and the Wampanoags demand the Pilgrims to turn him over and dishonor him (Hoxie, 1996). The Wampanoags wanted Squanto to be punished, but the Pilgrims and the English did not permit it. When the Peace Treaty was signed, it only lasted about 50 years. However, the Treaty was not ignored throughout the lives of any of the signers (Johnson, 2008). The death of Squanto was the same death his people from his village died of. His death was remarking because he would no longer be there for the Pilgrims, but his memory still lives on.



Historical Significance

firstthanksgiving_20101125104850_320_240.JPGSquanto took a good advantage when he was living in the home of John Slany, because he learned how to speak English fairly well. After his escape, he goes to the village of Chief Massasoit, and was told a contagious sickness had killed everyone from his village.
Then, Squanto decided to settle down with the Wampanoag. After a while that Squanto had settled with the Wampanoag, Samoset informs Sqaunto that a village was built on were his village used to be, which was now called Plymouth. The village was built by people from England. Squanto and Samoset arrive at the village declaring, "We come as friends", and leaders: William Bradfor, John Carver, and Miles Standish decide to listen to them. Squanto decided to stay with the Pilgrims and got along with them very well.
Squanto soon helped the Pligrims, he started off by teaching them how to use natural sources to improve their crops. By the year of 1627 their crops had improved by a lot (Rasmussen, 2011). Many6a0120a5c94e03970b0147e03720ec970b-500wi.jpg of the Pilgrims began to look up to him because they had gone through many hunger seasons, and thanks to Squanto they now knew how to grow their crop's faster to keep them from starving too often. The Pilgrims were very content with his help that they claimed him as very useful and courageous. Thomas Dermer began to recognize that Squanto could be a peacemaker with the Indians and the English. Thomas sends a letter to Sir Gorges telling him all about Squanto (Johnson, 2008). Squanto was sent with Winslow to meet the Governor. In the year of 1621 it was settled that a feast would be occurring in Plymouth. The Massasoits were invited to the feast and were allowed to bring 90 braves ("Plymouth (2)", 2009). After they finished feasting, they signed a treaty of peace and amity (Lossing, 1990). After the Peace treaty was signed, none of the signers broke the treaty as long as any of them lived. The feast is now recognized as Thanksgiving, the signification their first successful harvest together. After the feasting Squanto becomes sick, and is believed that the Wampanoag had poisoned him because they thought he was disloyal to the sachem. Days later, Squanto is found dead, but was never forgotten. ("Plymouth", 2003).






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